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Causes and Symptoms of Acute Pain

Pain is unbearable and acute pain occurs due to various reasons like medical disorders, ,  traumatic injury, or surgical procedures and the symptoms seen are restlessness, increased blood pressure, heart rate or respiratory rate, agitation, splinting or facial grimaces. Well the diagnosis says it is caused due to damage of potential tissue and the pain can lasts for not more than 6 months. It results in severe pain and there are chances that the patient might need surgery to treat pain. Acute pain that occurs post 24-48 hours of surgery is very difficult to bear even with the help of medications.

In individuals having orthopedic problems, acute pain originates from arterial walls, periosteum and joint surfaces. Individuals having abdominal acute pain make them lie down resting on their one side and drawing up their legs in fetal position. Acute pain doesn’t lasts for long and with the help of medication individuals can get relief.

There are many causes of acute pain like diseases, disorders or other medical conditions that cause acute pain like trauma, infection or malignancy etc., the causes can vary and it also includes traumatic causes

Traumatic causes of Acute Pain

It can be caused due to trauma o injury like

  1. Broken Bone
  2. Burns
  3. Injury caused due to electricity
  4. Foreign body
  5. Corneal Abrasion( type of eye injury)
  6. Orthopedic or sport injury for example dislocated joint
  7. Surgery
  8. Strains or Sprains
  9. Trauma(blunt force)
  10. Avulsion( tearing a body part forcibly)
  11. Removal of any body part(Amputation)
  12. Contusion or Laceration

Inflammatory and Degenerative causes of acute pain

  1. Inflammatory Arthritis
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  3. Gout
  4. Pancreatitis ( Infection in pancreas)
  5. Pelvic disease(inflammatory)
  6. Vasculitis (Inflammation in blood vessels)
  7. Appendicitis
  8. Osteoarthritis

Some more possible causes of acute pain

  1. Treatment of cancer
  2. Depression
  3. Heart Attack
  4. Cluster headache, migraine or tension
  5. Cancer
  6. Fibromyalgia
  7. Infection such as ear infection, sexually transmitted diseases or food poisoning
  8. Gangrene

Some other symptoms that might occur with acute pain are

  1. Headache, flu, cough fatigue, chills, fever etc.,
  2. Appetite problems
  3. Numbness
  4. Lack of concentration
  5. Sleep disturbances
  6. Weight Loss

In some cases apart from above symptoms there can be other serious symptoms that can be life-threatening and in such cases individuals should consult the doctor immediately and these symptoms can be

  1. Bloody stools or blood urine.
  2. Change in alertness
  3. Chest pain diverging to jaw, neck or shoulder
  4. Breathlessness or wheezing
  5. High fever say more than 101 degrees F
  6. Loss of bowel control or bladder
  7. Seizures
  8. Increase or decreased levels in urine output
  9. Lethargy or weakness
  10. Numbness
  11. Stiff Neck, vomiting, headache or nausea
  12. Swelling or Redness.

Various causes of pain and related symptoms can help us diagnose and adopt best treatment method. Some life threatening causes and symptoms can affect our lives to a great extent so it is better to consult your doctor.

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