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The potential risks associated with pain medicines used during pregnancy

Severe and persistent that is not effectively treated during pregnancy can result in depression, anxiety, and high blood pressure in the mother.   including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and acetaminophen can help treat severe and persistent pain.   However, it is important to carefully weigh the benefits and risks of using prescription and OTC medicines during pregnancy.

The published studies reported on the potential risks associated with the following three types of pain used during pregnancy :

  • Prescription NSAIDs and the risk of miscarriage in the first half of pregnancy. Examples of prescription NSAIDs include ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, and celecoxib.
  • Opioids, which are available only by prescription, and the risk of birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord in babies born to women who took these products during the first trimester of pregnancy.  Examples of include oxycodone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, morphine, and codeine.
  • Acetaminophen in both OTC and prescription products and the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children born to women who took this medicine at any time during pregnancy.  Acetaminophen is a common reducer and fever reducer found in hundreds of including those used for colds, flu, allergies, and sleep.

Pregnant women should always consult with their health care professional taking any prescription or OTC medicine.  Women taking pain who are considering becoming pregnant should also consult with their health care professionals to discuss the risks and benefits of medicine use.  Health care professionals should continue to follow the recommendations in the drug labels when prescribing pain medicines to pregnant patients.

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Posted in Pain Medications

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