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Causes, Symptoms and Prevention of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is the type of pain that you experience in lower back. You might experience decreased movement and stiffness in lower back and it becomes difficult to stand straight. Acute back pain might last for few days or might continue for few weeks.


Most people suffer at least once with some kind of low back pain. Though it causes discomfort and can happen in any part of your back and since the low back supports our body, it becomes uneasy to deal with day to day activities. Well, there are a number of reasons why we face low back like sitting in the same position for a long time, lifting any heavy object or due to accident or injury. Acute low back pain is caused due to injury to your ligaments or muscles that supports the back. The pain can occur due to strain, muscle or ligament tear, or muscle spasms.

Causes of sudden acute low back pain include:

  • Compression fractures caused due to osteoporosis to the spine
  • Cancer related to spine
  • Fractured spinal cord
  • Muscle spasm
  • Herniated or ruptured disk
  • Sciatica
  • Spine curvatures
  • Tear or strain in ligaments or muscles that supports back
  • Spinal stenosis (spinal canal get narrowed)

Other causes of low back pain can be

  • Spinal Infection
  • Arthritis conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and osteosrthritis
  • Kidney stones or infection in kidneys
  • Pregnancy related problems
  • Medical conditions in females that affect reproductive organs including fibroids in uterus, ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts or endometriosis.

Symptoms of Acute Low Back Pain

You may experience different symptoms when you get hurt in your back. You may get a burning sensation, tingling, sharp pain or achy feeling. Sometimes you might experience mild pain whereas in some cases the pain is so severe that you cannot move.

Depending upon different causes of pain, you might also experience pain in foot, leg or hip. Sometimes you also feel weakness in feet and legs.


There are a lot of things which can help you lower the chances of facing back pain. Exercise plays an important role in preventing pain in your back. Exercising regularly can help you

  1. Improve the posture of your body
  2. Improves flexibility and strengthen back
  3. Avoid falls
  4. Lose weight

Make sure you know how to bend properly and lift things in a right way. Here are some useful tips for you to learn

  • Get help if the object is too heavy to lift
  • Try to lift the object from a close distance
  • Bend your knees instead of bending your waist
  • Avoid twisting when lifting an object, bending to lift or while carrying the object
  • Use your leg muscles to lift
  • When you lift the object try to tighten stomach muscles
  • Avoid wearing high heels and try to use soles having cushions when you are walking

Do not stand for long hours. Even if it’s necessary try to sit down in between for some time.

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Posted in Acute Pain

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